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Matter , Mixtures Types , Properties , Formation and Separation

From Online Sciences - October 17, 2017

Atmospheric air is a mixture of different gases such as oxygen , nitrogen , carbon dioxide and water vapour , Solution is a special type of mixtures , where its components are mixed and interfere till you can not distinguish between its particles .

Types of matter

Matter can be classified into pure substances & mixtures .

Pure substance is the substance that is made of only one type of identical particles such as distilled ( pure ) water , sugar and baking soda .

Mixture is the substance that consists of more than one type of particles such as concrete , tomato sauce and mineral water ( mixture of water and some useful minerals as calcium and magnesium ) .

Both sugar and distilled water are considered pure substances because each of them is composed of only one type of identical particles , Both milk and concrete are considered mixtures because each of them consists of more than one type of particles .

Types of mixtures

There are many different types of mixtures , such as Solid-solid mixture , Liquid-liquid mixture , Solid-liquid mixture , Gaseous-Gaseous mixture and Gaseous-liquid mixture .

Solid-solid mixture consists of two or more different solid matter such as fruit salad and vegetable salad .

Liquid-liquid mixture consists of two or more different liquids such as mixture of vinegar and water , mixture of oil and water , mixture of oil and vinegar ( dressing of salad ) .

Solid-liquid mixture consists of solid and liquid matter such as mixture of sand and water , mixture of salt and water .

Gaseous-Gaseous mixture consists of different gases such as atmospheric air which is a mixture of oxygen gas , nitrogen gas , carbon dioxide gas and water vapour .

Properties of mixtures

Formation of mixtures

Separation of mixtures

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