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Seeing coloured objects and mixing the coloured lights

From Online Sciences - October 3, 2017

We can use the glass prism to separate the white light into seven spectrum colours , which are red , orange , yellow , green , blue , indigo & violet , When the seven light colours are mixed together , the white light is produced again , But mixing coloured dyes gives colours that are different from those produced by mixing coloured lights .

Seeing the coloured objects

First : Seeing the coloured transparent and translucent objects

The transparent and translucent objects allow the light to pass through them , When the white light strikes the coloured transparent or translucent object , this object absorbs all colours of light ( spectrum colours ) , but it permits its own colour only to pass through it .

So , The colours of the transparent and translucent objects are the the same colours of the transmitted light through .

Example : Green transparent glass bottle that appears as it absorbs all light colours and allows the green light only to transmit through it .

The red transparent ruler appears red when white light falls on it because it absorbs all light colours that fall on it and allows the red light only to transmit through it .

Second : seeing the coloured opaque objects

The opaque objects do not allow the light to transmit through them , The opaque objects are divided into White objects , Black objects and Coloured objects .

Seeing the white opaque objects

When white light strikes a white opaque object , this object reflects all light colours , So , it appears in the same colour of light that falls on it .

We wear white clothes in summer because white clothes reflects all light colours that fall on them causing decrease in the feeling of heat .

Seeing the black opaque objects

When white light strikes a black opaque object , this object absorbs all light colours and does not reflect any colour , so , it appears black .

We must wear black ( dark ) clothes in winter because black clothes absorb all light colours that fall on them causing the feeling of warmth .

Seeing the coloured opaque objects

When the white light strikes a coloured opaque object , this object absorbs all light colours and reflects its own colour only , So , the colour of the coloured opaque object is the colour of the reflected light .

The banana fruit seems yellow when sunlight falls on it because the banana fruit absorbs all light colours and reflects the yellow colour only .

Third : Seeing the coloured opaque object through coloured transparent objects

Look at a red apple through a red transparent glass sheet , a green or blue transparent glass sheet .

The apple appears red when you look at it through the red transparent glass sheet , The apple appears in no colour ( black ) when you look at it through the green or blue transparent glass sheet .

Mixing the coloured lights

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